Causality between natural gas prices and stock market returns in Turkey
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This study investigates the long-run relationship between natural gas prices and stock returns in Turkey by using Johansen and Juselius, and bounds testing approach of cointegration tests using quarterly data from 1995: 1 to 2009 : 3. Empirical findings suggest that there is no a unique long-term equilibrium relationship between natural gas prices, real GDP, real exchange rates and stock returns. On the other hand, Toda - Yamamoto causality approach results indicate that a unidirectional Granger causal relationship from stock prices to real GDP and natural gas prices and a unidirectional Granger causal relationship from real GDP to real exchange rates seem to exist in Turkey.